Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiments...

Leblanc, T., T. D. Walsh, I. McDermid, G. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Haines, B. Read, R. L. Herman, E. Fetzer, S. P. Sander, T. Pongetti, D. Whiteman, T. J. McGee, L. Twigg, G. Sumnicht, D. Venable, M. Calhoun, A. Dirisu, D. Hurst, A. Jordan, E. Hall, L. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, C. Straub, N. Kampfer, G. Nedoluha, R. M. Gomez, K. Holub, S. Gutman, J. Braun, T. Vanhove, G. Stiller, and A. Hauchecorne (2011), Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiments (MOHAVE)-2009: overview of campaign operations and results, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 2579-2605, doi:10.5194/amt-4-2579-2011.

The Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiment (MOHAVE) 2009 campaign took place on 11–27 October 2009 at the JPL Table Mountain Facility in California (TMF). The main objectives of the campaign were to (1) validate the water vapor measurements of several instruments, including, three Raman lidars, two microwave radiometers, two Fourier-Transform spectrometers, and two GPS receivers (column water), (2) cover water vapor measurements from the ground to the mesopause without gaps, and (3) study upper tropospheric humidity variability at timescales varying from a few minutes to several days.

A total of 58 radiosondes and 20 Frost-Point hygrometer sondes were launched. Two types of radiosondes were used during the campaign. Non negligible differences in the readings between the two radiosonde types used (Vaisala RS92 and InterMet iMet-1) made a small, but measurable impact on the derivation of water vapor mixing ratio by the FrostPoint hygrometers. As observed in previous campaigns, the RS92 humidity measurements remained within 5 % of the Frost-point in the lower and mid-troposphere, but were too dry in the upper troposphere.

Over 270 h of water vapor measurements from three Raman lidars (JPL and GSFC) were compared to RS92, CFH, and NOAA-FPH. The JPL lidar profiles reached 20 km when integrated all night, and 15 km when integrated for 1 h. Excellent agreement between this lidar and the frost-point hygrometers was found throughout the measurement range,

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Upper Atmosphere Research Program (UARP)