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Cloud Physics Lidar (CPL)


Operated By: 

An example of the attenuated backscatter (top) and linear depolarization ratio (bottom) from CPL during an IMPACTS flight on 08 Feb. 2022.

The Cloud Physics Lidar, or CPL, is a backscatter lidar designed to operate simultaneously at 3 wavelengths: 1064, 532, and 355 nm. The purpose of the CPL is to provide multi-wavelength measurements of cirrus, subvisual cirrus, and aerosols with high temporal and spatial resolution. Figure 1 shows the entire CPL package in flight configuration. The CPL utilizes state-of-the-art technology with a high repetition rate, low pulse energy laser and photon-counting detection. Vertical resolution of the CPL measurements is fixed at 30 m; horizontal resolution can vary but is typically about 200 m. The CPL fundamentally measures range-resolved profiles of volume 180-degree backscatter coefficients. From the fundamental measurement, various data products are derived, including: time-height crosssection images; cloud and aerosol layer boundaries; optical depth for clouds, aerosol layers, and planetary boundary layer (PBL); and extinction profiles. The CPL was designed to fly on the NASA ER-2 aircraft but is adaptable to other platforms. Because the ER-2 typically flies at about 65,000 feet (20 km), onboard instruments are above 94% of the earth’s atmosphere, allowing ER-2 instruments to function as spaceborne instrument simulators. The ER-2 provides a unique platform for atmospheric profiling, particularly for active remote sensing instruments such as lidar, because the spatial coverage attainable by the ER-2 permits studies of aerosol properties across wide regions. Lidar profiling from the ER-2 platform is especially valuable because the cloud height structure, up to the limit of signal attenuation, is unambiguously measured.

Instrument Type: 
Recent Missions: 
IMPACTS (ER-2 - AFRC); FIREX-AQ (ER-2 - AFRC); SEAC4RS (ER-2 - AFRC); GloPac (Global Hawk - AFRC); ATTREX (Global Hawk - AFRC); HS3 (Global Hawk - AFRC)
Complete mission list:
Point(s) of Contact: 
John Yorks (POC; PI), Matthew McGill (Prev PI)