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Radiometrically Consistent Climate Fingerprinting Using CrIS and AIRS...

Wu, W., Xu Liu, Q. Yang, D. K. Zhou, A. Larar, Qiguang.Yang, nasa.gov, A. Larar, and nasa.gov (2020), Radiometrically Consistent Climate Fingerprinting Using CrIS and AIRS Hyperspectral Observations, (NPP) and polar-orbiting satellites of the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS-1) on, doi:10.3390/rs12081291.

We introduce a novel spectral fingerprinting scheme that can be used to derive long-term atmospheric temperature and water vapor anomalies from hyperspectral infrared sounders such as Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) and Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS). It is a challenging task to derive climate trends from real satellite observations due to the difficulty of carrying out accurate cloudy radiance simulations and constructing radiometrically consistent radiative kernels. To address these issues, we use a principal component based radiative transfer model (PCRTM) to perform multiple scattering calculations of clouds and a PCRTM-based physical retrieval algorithm to derive radiometrically consistent radiative kernels from real satellite observations. The capability of including the cloud scattering calculations in the retrieval process allows the establishment of a rigorous radiometric fitting to satellite-observed radiances under all-sky conditions. The fingerprinting solution is directly obtained via an inverse relationship between the atmospheric anomalies and the corresponding spatiotemporally averaged radiance anomalies. Since there is no need to perform Level 2 retrievals on each individual satellite footprint for the fingerprinting approach, it is much more computationally efficient than the traditional way of producing climate data records from spatiotemporally averaged Level 2 products. We have applied the spectral fingerprinting method to six years of CrIS and 16 years of AIRS data to derive long-term anomaly time series for atmospheric temperature and water vapor profiles. The CrIS and AIRS temperature and water vapor anomalies derived from our spectral fingerprinting method have been validated using results from the PCRTM-based physical retrieval algorithm and the AIRS operational retrieval algorithm, respectively.

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