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Numerical simulations of single and multiple scattering by fractal ice clusters

Dlugach, J. M., M. Mishchenko, and D. W. Mackowski (2011), Numerical simulations of single and multiple scattering by fractal ice clusters, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 112, 1864-1870, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.01.038.

We consider the scattering model in the form of a vertically and horizontally homogeneous particulate slab of an arbitrary optical thickness composed of widely separated fractal aggregates built of small spherical ice monomers. The aggregates are generated by applying three different approaches, including simulated cluster–cluster aggregation (CCA) and diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA) procedures. Having in mind radar remote-sensing applications, we report and analyze the results of computations of the backscattering circular polarization ratio obtained using efficient superposition T-matrix and vector radiative-transfer codes. The computations have been performed at a wavelength of 12.6 cm for fractal aggregates with the following characteristics: monomer refractive index m = 1.78 + i0.003, monomer radius r = 1 cm, monomer packing density p = 0.2, overall aggregate radii R in the range 4 < R < 10 cm and fractal dimensions Df = 2.5 and 3.

We show that for aggregates generated with simulated CCA and DLA procedures, the respective values of the backscattering circular polarization ratio differ weakly for Df = 2.5, but the differences can increase somewhat for Df = 3, especially in case of an optically semi-infinite medium. For aggregates with a spheroidal overall shape, the dependence of the circular polarization ratio on the cluster morphology can be quite significant and increases with increasing the aspect ratio of the circumscribing spheroid.

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Radiation Science Program (RSP)