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Deriving Atmospheric Temperature of the Tropopause Region–Upper Troposphere...

Borbas, E. E., P. Menzel, E. Weisz, and D. Devenyi (2008), Deriving Atmospheric Temperature of the Tropopause Region–Upper Troposphere by Combining Information from GPS Radio Occultation Refractivity and High-Spectral-Resolution Infrared Radiance Measurements, J. Appl. Meteor. Climat., 47, 2300-2310, doi:10.1175/2008JAMC1687.1.

Global positioning system radio occultation (GPS/RO) measurements from the Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) and Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-C (SAC-C) satellites are used to improve tropospheric profile retrievals derived from the Aqua platform high-spectral-resolution Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and broadband Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) measurements under clear-sky conditions. This paper compares temperature retrievals from combined AIRS, AMSU, and CHAMP/SAC-C measurements using different techniques: 1) a principal component statistical regression using coefficients established between real (and in a few cases calculated) measurements and radiosonde atmospheric profiles; and 2) a Bayesian estimation method applied to AIRS plus AMSU temperature retrievals and GPS/RO temperature profiles. The Bayesian estimation method was also applied to GPS/RO data and the AIRS Science Team operational level-2 (version 4.0) temperature products for comparison. In this study, including GPS/RO data in the tropopause region produces the largest improvement in AIRS– AMSU temperature retrievals—about 0.5 K between 100 and 300 hPa. GPS/RO data are found to provide valuable upper-tropospheric information that improves the profile retrievals from AIRS and AMSU.

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Radiation Science Program (RSP)