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A New Approach to Determining Gas-Particle Reaction Probabilities and...

Laskin, A., H. Wang, W. H. Robertson, J. P. Cowin, M. J. Ezell, and B. J. Finlayson-Pitts (2006), A New Approach to Determining Gas-Particle Reaction Probabilities and Application to the Heterogeneous Reaction of Deliquesced Sodium Chloride Particles with Gas-Phase Hydroxyl Radicals, J. Phys. Chem. A, 110, 10619-10627, doi:10.1021/jp063263.
Abstract: 

The reaction kinetics for gaseous hydroxyl radicals (OH) with deliquesced sodium chloride particles (NaClaq) were investigated using a novel experimental approach. The technique utilizes the exposure of substratedeposited aerosol particles to reactive gases followed by chemical analysis of the particles using computercontrolled scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive analysis of X-rays (CCSEM/EDX) capability. Experiments were performed at room temperature and atmospheric pressure with deliquesced NaCl particles in the micron size range at 70-80% RH and with OH concentrations in the range of 1 to 7 × 109 cm-3. The apparent, pseudo first-order rate constant for the reaction was determined from measurements of changes in the chloride concentration of individual particles upon reaction with OH as a function of the particle loading on the substrate. Quantitative treatment of the data using a model that incorporates both diffusion and reaction kinetics yields a lower limit to the net reaction probability of γnet g 0.1, with an overall uncertainty of a factor of 2.

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Research Program: 
Atmospheric Composition Modeling and Analysis Program (ACMAP)
Tropospheric Composition Program (TCP)