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Estimate of carbonyl sulfide tropical oceanic surface fluxes using Aura...

Weidner, R. J., S. A. Montzka, F. L. Moore, J. A. Berry, I. Baker, A. S. Denning, H. Bian, K. W. Bowman, J. Liu, and Y. L. Yung (2015), Estimate of carbonyl sulfide tropical oceanic surface fluxes using Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer observations Le Kuai1, John R. Worden2, J. Elliott Campbell3, Susan S. Kulawik4, King-Fai Li5, Meemong Lee2,, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 11,012-11,023, doi:10.1002/2015JD023493.

Quantifying the carbonyl sulfide (OCS) land/ocean fluxes contributes to the understanding of both the sulfur and carbon cycles. The primary sources and sinks of OCS are very likely in a steady state because there is no significant observed trend or interannual variability in atmospheric OCS measurements. However, the magnitude and spatial distribution of the dominant ocean source are highly uncertain due to the lack of observations. In particular, estimates of the oceanic fluxes range from approximately 280 Gg S yr1 to greater than 800 Gg S yr1, with the larger flux needed to balance a similarly sized terrestrial sink that is inferred from NOAA continental sites. Here we estimate summer tropical oceanic fluxes of OCS in 2006 using a linear flux inversion algorithm and new OCS data acquired by the Aura Tropospheric Emissions Spectrometer (TES). Modeled OCS concentrations based on these updated fluxes are consistent with HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations during 4th airborne campaign and improve significantly over the a priori model concentrations. The TES tropical ocean estimate of 70 ± 16 Gg S in June, when extrapolated over the whole year (about 840 ± 192 Gg S yr1 ), supports the hypothesis proposed by Berry et al. (2013) that the ocean flux is in the higher range of approximately 800 Gg S yr1.

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Atmospheric Composition Modeling and Analysis Program (ACMAP)