Zhu, Q., J. Laughner, and R. C. Cohen (2022), RESEARCH ARTICLE EARTH, ATMOSPHERIC, AND PLANETARY SCIENCES OPEN ACCESS Estimate of OH trends over one decade in North American cities, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., doi:10.1073/pnas.2117399119.

The hydroxyl radical (OH) is the most important oxidant on global and local scales in the troposphere. Urban OH controls the removal rate of primary pollutants and triggers the production of ozone. Interannual trends of OH in urban areas are not well documented or understood due to the short lifetime and high spatial heterogeneity of OH. We utilize machine learning with observational inputs emphasizing satellite remote sensing observations to predict surface OH in 49 North American cities from 2005 to 2014. We observe changes in the summertime OH over one decade, with wide variation among different cities. In 2014, compared to the summertime OH in 2005, 3 cities show a significant increase of OH, whereas, in 27 cities, OH decreases in 2014. The year-toyear variation of OH is mapped to the decline of the NO2 column. We conclude that these cities in this analysis are either in the NOx -limited regime or at the transition from a NOx suppressed regime to a NOx -limited regime. The result emphasizes that,

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Atmospheric Composition Modeling and Analysis Program (ACMAP)
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