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Daytime aerosol optical depth above low-level clouds is similar to that in...

The core information for this publication's citation.: 
Shinozuka, Y., M. S. Kacenelenbogen, S. Burton, S. Howell, P. Zuidema, R. Ferrare, S. LeBlanc, K. Pistone, S. Broccardo, J. Redemann, S. Schmidt, S. Cochrane, M. A. Fenn, S. Freitag, A. Dobracki, M. Segal-Rozenhaimer, and C. Flynn (2020), Daytime aerosol optical depth above low-level clouds is similar to that in adjacent clear skies at the same heights: airborne observation above the southeast Atlantic, Atmos. Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-2019-1007 (submitted).
Abstract: 
  1. To help satellite retrieval of aerosols and studies of their radiative effects, we demonstrate that daytime 532 nm aerosol optical depth over low-level clouds is similar to that in neighboring clear skies at the same heights in recent airborne lidar and sunphotometer observations above the southeast Atlantic. The mean AOD difference is between 0 and -0.01, when comparing the cloudy and clear sides, each up to 20 km wide, of cloud edges. The difference is not statistically significant according to a paired t-test. Systematic differences in the wavelength dependence of AOD and in situ single scattering albedo are also minute. These results hold regardless of the vertical distance between cloud top and aerosol layer bottom. AOD aggregated over ~2grid boxes for each of September 2016, August 2017 and October 2018 also shows little correlation with the presence of low-level clouds. We posit that a satellite retrieval artifact is entirely responsible for a previous finding of generally smaller AOD over clouds (Chung et al., 2016), at least for the region and time of our study. Our results also suggest that the same values can be assumed for the intensive properties of free-tropospheric biomass-burning aerosol regardless of whether clouds exist below.

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Research Program: 
Atmospheric Composition
Radiation Science Program (RSP)
Mission: 
ORACLES