Field observational constraints on the controllers in glyoxal (CHOCHO) reactive...

Kim, D., C. Cho, S. Jeong, S. Lee, B. Nault, Campuzano Jost, D. A. Day, J. C. Schroder, J. Jimenez-Palacios, R. Volkamer, D. R. Blake, A. Wisthaler, A. Fried, J. P. DiGangi, G. S. Diskin, S. E. Pusede, S. R. Hall, K. Ullmann, L. G. Huey, D. J. Tanner, J. Dibb, C. J. Knote, and K. Min (2022), Field observational constraints on the controllers in glyoxal (CHOCHO) reactive uptake to aerosol, Atmos. Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-22-805-2022.

Glyoxal (CHOCHO), the simplest dicarbonyl in the troposphere, is a potential precursor for secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and brown carbon (BrC) affecting air quality and climate. The airborne measurement of CHOCHO concentrations during the KORUS-AQ (KORea–US Air Quality study) campaign in 2016 enables detailed quantification of loss mechanisms pertaining to SOA formation in the real atmosphere. The production of this molecule was mainly from oxidation of aromatics (59 %) initiated by hydroxyl radical (OH). CHOCHO loss to aerosol was found to be the most important removal path (69 %) and contributed to roughly ∼ 20 % (3.7 µg sm−3 ppmv−1 h−1 , normalized with excess CO) of SOA growth in the first 6 h in Seoul Metropolitan Area. A reactive uptake coefficient (γ ) of ∼ 0.008 best represents the loss of CHOCHO by surface uptake during the campaign. To our knowledge, we show the first field observation of aerosol surface-area-dependent

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Tropospheric Composition Program (TCP)