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STEP References

Chan, K.R., S.G. Scott, S.W. Bowen, S.E. Gaines, E.F. Danielsen, and L. Pfister, Horizontal Wind Fluctuations in the Stratosphere During Large-Scale Cyclogenesis, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 17,425-17,432, 1991.

Danielsen, E.F., A Dehydration Mechanism for the Stratosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 9, 605-608, 1982.

Danielsen, E.F., Potential Vorticity Distributions and Meteorological Context for NASA's Multiaircraft Exchange Experiments, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 66, 235, 1985.

Danielsen, E.F., Summary of Experimental Evidence and Implications to Theory of Stratospheric-Tropospheric Exchange, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 66, 236, 1985.

Danielsen, E.F., R.S. Hipskind, W.L. Starr, J.F. Vedder, S.E. Gaines, D. Kley, and K.K. Kelly, Irreversible Transport in the Stratosphere by Internal Waves of Short Vertical Wavelength, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 17,433-17,452, 1991.

Danielsen, E.F., In Situ Evidence of Rapid, Vertical, Irreversible Transport of Lower Tropospheric Air Into the Lower Tropical Stratosphere by Convective Cloud Turrets and by Larger-Scale Upwelling in Tropical Cyclones, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8665-8682, 1993.

Knollenberg, R.G., K. Kelly, and J.C. Wilson, Measurements of High Number Densities of Ice Crystals in the Tops of Tropical Cumulonimbus, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8639-8664, 1993.

Kelly, K.K., Water Vapor Measurements in the Vicinity of a Tropopause Fold, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 66, 235, 1985.

Kelly, K.K., M.H. Proffitt, K.R. Chan, M. Loewenstein, J.R. Podolske, S.E. Strahan, J.C. Wilson, and D. Kley, Water Vapor and Cloud Water Measurements Over Darwin During the STEP 1987 Tropical Mission, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8713-8724, 1993.

Kritz, M.A., Cosmogenic Radionuclide Measurements in the Vicinity of a Tropopause Fold, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 66, 236, 1985.

Kritz, M.A., S.W. Rosner, E.F. Danielsen, and H.B. Selkirk, Air Mass Origins and Troposhere-to-Stratosphere Exchange Associated With Mid-Latitude Cyclogenesis and Tropopause Folding Inferred From 7Be Measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 17,405-17,414, 1991.

Kritz, M.A., S.W. Rosner, K.K. Kelly, M. Loewenstein, and K.R. Chan, Radon Measurements in the Lower Tropical Stratosphere: Evidence for Rapid Vertical Transport and Dehydration of Tropospheric Air, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8725-8736, 1993.

Murphy, D.M., D.W. Fahey, M.H. Proffitt, S.C. Liu, K.R. Chan, C.S. Eubank, S.R. Kawa, and K.K. Kelly, Reactive Nitrogen and Its Correlation With Ozone in the Lower Stratosphere and Upper Troposphere, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8751-8773, 1993.

Pfister, L., K.R. Chan, T.P. Bui, S. Bowen, M. Legg, B. Gary, K. Kelly, M. Proffitt, and W. Starr, Gravity Waves Generated by a Tropical Cyclone During the STEP Tropical Field Program: A Case Study, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8611-8638, 1993.

Pickering, K.E., A.M. Thompson, W. Tao, and T.L. Kucsera, Upper Tropospheric Ozone Production Following Mesoscale Convection During STEP/EMEX, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8737-8750, 1993.

Russell, P.B., E.F. Danielsen, R.A. Craig, and H.B. Selkirk, The NASA Spring 1984 Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange Experiment: Science Objectives and Operations, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 17,401-17,404, 1991.

Russell, P.B., L. Pfister, and H.B. Selkirk, The Tropical Experiment of the Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange Project (STEP): Science Objectives, Operations, and Summary Findings, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8563-8590, 1993.

Selkirk, H.B., The Tropopause Cold Trap in the Australian Monsoon During STEP/AMEX 1987, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8591-8610, 1993.

Starr, W.L., J.F. Vedder, and E.F. Danielsen, Distribution of Ozone Mixing Ratio and Potential Vorticity in the Stratosphere During STEP Flights, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 66, 235, 1985.

Wilson, J.C., W.T. Lai, and S. Smith, Correlation Between Condensation Nuclei, Ozone, and Water Vapor Observed in the NASA STEP Experiment, EOS Trans. Amer. Geopyhs. Union, 66, 235, 1985.

Wilson, J.C, W.T. Lai, and S.D. Smith, Measurements of Condensation Nuclei Above the Jet Stream: Evidence for Cross Jet Transport by Waves and New Particle Formation at High Altitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 17,415-17,424, 1991.

Wong, T., G.L. Stephens, P.W. Stackhouse Jr., and F.P.J. Valero, The Radiative Budgets of a Tropical Mesoscale Convective System During EMEX/STEP/AMEX Experiment, 1, Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8683-8694, 1993.

Wong, T., G.L. Stephens, P.W. Stackhouse Jr., and F.P.J. Valero, The Radiative Budgets of a Tropical Mesoscale Convective System During EMEX/STEP/AMEX Experiment, 2, Model Results, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8695-8712, 1993.