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Spaceborne Doppler Radar Measurements of Rainfall: Correction of Errors Induced...

Tanelli, S., E. Im, S. Kobayashi, R. Mascelloni, and L. Facheris (2005), Spaceborne Doppler Radar Measurements of Rainfall: Correction of Errors Induced by Pointing Uncertainties, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 22, 1676-1690.

In this paper a sea surface radar echo spectral analysis technique to correct for the rainfall velocity error caused by radar-pointing uncertainty is presented. The correction procedure is quite straightforward when the radar is observing a homogeneous rainfall field. When nonuniform beam filling (NUBF) occurs and attenuating frequencies are used, however, additional steps are necessary in order to correctly estimate the antenna-pointing direction. This new technique relies on the application of the combined frequency–time (CFT) algorithm to correct for uneven attenuation effects on the observed sea surface Doppler spectrum. The performance of this correction technique was evaluated by a Monte Carlo simulation of the Doppler precipitation radar backscatter from high-resolution 3D rain fields (either generated by a cloud resolving numerical model or retrieved from airborne radar measurements). The results show that the antennapointing-induced error can, indeed, be reduced by the proposed technique in order to achieve 1 m sϪ1 accuracy on rainfall vertical velocity estimates.

Research Program: 
Atmospheric Dynamics and Precipitation Program (ADP)
Global Precipitation Measurement