Synonyms: 
WB-57
WB57
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Carbon Oxide Laser Detector 2 (COLD 2)

ACOS Cargo Gets Weighed

ACCLIP Research Payload

Fast Cloud Droplet Probe

SPEC has developed a Fast Cloud Droplet Probe (FCDP) with state-of-the-art electro-optics and electronics that utilizes forward scattering to determine cloud droplet distributions and concentrations in the range of 1.5 to 50 microns.  Though designed for cloud droplet measurements, the probe has also shown reliable measurements in ice clouds.  The new electronics include a temperature controlled fiber-coupled laser, FSSP-300 optics with pinhole limiting depth of field (Lance et al. 2010), a field programmable gate array (FPGA), 40 MHz analog-to-digital-converter (ADC) sampling, custom amplifiers, a very small and low power Linux based 400 MHz processor and a 16-Gigabyte flash drive that stores data at the probe.

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Upper Troposphere/Lower Stratosphere Aerosol Microphysics Package

The UTLS Aerosol Measurement Package comprises three individual instruments for the measurement of aerosol number size distribution in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere: a Nucleation Mode Aerosol Size Spectrometer (NMASS), an Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer (UHSAS), and a Portable Optical Particle Spectrometer (POPS). These instruments, along with a Passive, Near-Isokinetic Inlet for sampling atmospheric particles from a fast-moving aircraft, provide a measurement of the UT/LS particle size distribution from 4 to 3000 nm diameter. Aerosol microphysical measurements in the UT/LS are integral to understanding the chemical and radiative processes that control the Earth’s climate, and UTLS-AMP provides data for investigation of topics ranging from new particle formation to long range transport of dust and fine volcanic ash.

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Aerosol and Cloud Lidar

Roscoe is a new, more compact version of the NASA GSFC Cloud Physics Lidar that has flown on multiple NASA high altitude aircraft over the past two decades. While utilizing the same proven measurement technique of coupling a high repetition rate laser with photon-counting detection, Roscoe differs from CPL in two significant ways.  First, it is designed to simultaneously observe both upwards and downwards from the aircraft, to enable studies of stratospheric aerosols above flight altitude as well as below.  It is, essentially, two small CPL instruments in one package, one pointing nadir and one pointing zenith.  Second, it operates at only 1064 and 355 nm (not 532 nm) to satisfy eye-safety considerations for airborne operation.  Roscoe measures depolarization at both wavelengths to characterize the phase of the cloud and aerosol particles detected.

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