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Chemical feedbacks weaken the wintertime response of particulate sulfate and...

Shah, V., L. Jaeglé, J. Thornton, F. D. Lopez-Hilfiker, B. H. Lee, J. C. Schroder, P. Campuzano-Jost, J. Jimenez-Palacios, H. Guo, A. P. Sullivan, R. Weber, J. R. Green, M. N. Fiddler, S. Bililign, T. Campos, M. Stell, A. Weinheimer, D. D. Montzka, and S. Brown (2018), Chemical feedbacks weaken the wintertime response of particulate sulfate and nitrate to emissions reductions over the eastern United States, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 115, 8110-8115, doi:10.1073/pnas.1803295115.

Sulfate (SO2- 4 ) and nitrate (NO3 ) account for half of the fine particulate matter mass over the eastern United States. Their wintertime concentrations have changed little in the past decade despite considerable precursor emissions reductions. The reasons for this have remained unclear because detailed observations to constrain the wintertime gas–particle chemical system have been lacking. We use extensive airborne observations over the eastern United States from the 2015 Wintertime Investigation of Transport, Emissions, and Reactivity (WINTER) campaign; ground-based observations; and the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model to determine the controls on winter SO2- 4 and NO3 . GEOS-Chem

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Tropospheric Composition Program (TCP)