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Global Atmospheric Budget of Acetone: Air‐Sea Exchange and the Contribution...

Wang, S., E. Apel, R. Schwantes, K. H. Bates, D. Jacob, E. Fischer, R. S. Hornbrook, A. J. Hills, L. Emmons, L. Pan, S. Honomichl, S. Tilmes, J. Lamarque, M. Yang, C. A. Marandino, E. S. Saltzman, W. de Bruyn, S. Kameyama, H. Tanimoto, Y. Omori, S. R. Hall, K. Ullmann, T. B. Ryerson, C. Thompson, J. Peischl, B. Daube, R. Commane, K. McKain, C. Sweeney, A. Thames, D. Miller, W. H. Brune, G. S. Diskin, J. P. DiGangi, and S. C. Wofsy (2020), Global Atmospheric Budget of Acetone: Air‐Sea Exchange and the Contribution to Hydroxyl Radicals, J. Geophys. Res., 125, e2020JD032553, doi:10.1029/2020JD032553.
Abstract: 

Acetone is one of the most abundant oxygenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere. The oceans impose a strong control on atmospheric acetone, yet the oceanic fluxes of acetone remain poorly constrained. In this work, the global budget of acetone is evaluated using two global models: CAM‐chem and GEOS‐Chem. CAM‐chem uses an online air‐sea exchange framework to calculate the bidirectional oceanic acetone fluxes, which is coupled to a data‐oriented machine‐learning approach. The machine‐learning algorithm is trained using a global suite of seawater acetone measurements. GEOS‐Chem uses a fixed surface seawater concentration of acetone to calculate the oceanic fluxes. Both model simulations are compared to airborne observations from a recent global‐scale, multiseasonal campaign, the NASA Atmospheric Tomography Mission (ATom). We find that both CAM‐chem and GEOS‐Chem capture the measured acetone vertical distributions in the remote atmosphere reasonably well. The combined observational and modeling analysis suggests that (i) the ocean strongly regulates the atmospheric budget of acetone. The tropical and subtropical oceans are mostly a net source of acetone, while the high‐latitude oceans are a net sink. (ii) CMIP6 anthropogenic emission inventory may underestimate acetone and/or its precursors in the Northern Hemisphere. (iii) The MEGAN biogenic emissions model may overestimate acetone and/or its precursors, and/or the biogenic oxidation mechanisms may overestimate the acetone yields. (iv) The models consistently overestimate acetone in the upper troposphere‐lower stratosphere over the Southern Ocean in austral winter. (v) Acetone contributes up to 30–40% of hydroxyl radical production in the tropical upper troposphere/lower stratosphere. Plain Language Summary Acetone is widely observed in the Earth's atmosphere, with mixing ratios ranging from parts‐per‐trillion levels in the stratosphere to parts‐per‐billion levels in polluted regions. Acetone is directly emitted from a wide variety of natural and anthropogenic sources and is also produced from the photochemical oxidation of a number of precursors. The role of the ocean is complicated;

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Research Program: 
Tropospheric Composition Program (TCP)
Mission: 
ATom