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O3 Photometer - UAS (NOAA) (UAS-O3)

Status

Status: 
Operational
Operated By: 
PI

A photo of the NOAA-2 O3 instrument (without its enclosure) showing a: fans; b: heaters; c: catalytic scrubber; d: flow control valve (V3); e: sample flow sensor; f: sample line; g: exhaust line.

Ozone (O3) in the lower stratosphere (LS) is responsible for absorbing much of the biologically damaging ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sunlight, and thus plays a critical role in protecting Earth's environment. By absorbing UV light, O3 heats the surrounding air, leading to the vertical stratification and dynamic stability that define the stratosphere. Halogen species from anthropogenic compounds such as CFCs can cause significant damage to the O3 layer in the LS and have led to the formation of the Antarctic ozone hole. Accurate measurement of O3 in the LS is the first step toward understanding and protecting stratospheric O3. The UAS Ozone Photometer was designed specifically for autonomous, precise, and accurate O3 measurements in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS) onboard the NASA Global Hawk Unmanned Aircraft System (GH UAS) and other high altitude research platforms such as the ER-2 and WB-57. With a data rate of 2 Hz, the instrument can provide high-time-resolution, detailed information for studies of O3 photochemistry, radiation balance, stratosphere-troposphere exchange, and air parcel mixing in the UT/LS. Furthermore, its accurate data are useful for satellite retrieval validation.  Contacts: Troy Thornberry, Ru-Shan Gao

Instrument Type: 
Measurements: 
Recent Missions: 
ACCLIP (WB-57 - JSC); EPOCH (Global Hawk - AFRC); POSIDON (WB-57 - JSC); VIRGAS (WB-57 - JSC); SHOUT-ENRR (Global Hawk - AFRC); SEAC4RS (ER-2 - AFRC)
Complete mission list:
  • ACCLIP (WB-57 - JSC)
  • EPOCH (Global Hawk - AFRC)
  • POSIDON (WB-57 - JSC)
  • VIRGAS (WB-57 - JSC)
  • SHOUT-ENRR (Global Hawk - AFRC)
  • SEAC4RS (ER-2 - AFRC)
  • ATTREX (Global Hawk - AFRC)
  • MACPEX (WB-57 - JSC)
  • GloPac (Global Hawk - AFRC)
  • NOVICE (WB-57 - JSC)
  • TC4 (WB-57 - JSC)
Point(s) of Contact: 
Troy Thornberry (POC; PI), Ru-Shan Gao (Prev PI), Andrew Rollins (Co-I), Shang Liu (Prev PI)