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A global gridded (0.1 ⇥ 0.1 ) inventory of methane emissions from oil, gas,...

Scarpelli, T. R., D. Jacob, J. D. Maasakkers, M. P. Sulprizio, J. Sheng, K. Rose, L. Romeo, J. Worden, and G. Janssens-Maenhout (2020), A global gridded (0.1 ⇥ 0.1 ) inventory of methane emissions from oil, gas, and coal exploitation based on national reports to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 563-575, doi:10.5194/essd-12-563-2020.

Individual countries report national emissions of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, in accordance with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). We present a global inventory of methane emissions from oil, gas, and coal exploitation that spatially allocates the national emissions reported to the UNFCCC (Scarpelli et al., 2019). Our inventory is at 0.1 ⇥ 0.1 resolution and resolves the subsectors of oil and gas exploitation, from upstream to downstream, and the different emission processes (leakage, venting, flaring). Global emissions for 2016 are 41.5 Tg a 1 for oil, 24.4 Tg a 1 for gas, and 31.3 Tg a 1 for coal. An array of databases is used to spatially allocate national emissions to infrastructure, including wells, pipelines, oil refineries, gas processing plants, gas compressor stations, gas storage facilities, and coal mines. Gridded error estimates are provided in normal and lognormal forms based on emission factor uncertainties from the IPCC. Our inventory shows large differences with the EDGAR v4.3.2 global gridded inventory both at the national scale and in finer-scale spatial allocation. It shows good agreement with the gridded version of the United Kingdom’s National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (NAEI). There are significant errors on the 0.1 ⇥ 0.1 grid associated with the location and magnitude of large point sources, but these are smoothed out when averaging the inventory over a coarser grid. Use of our inventory as prior estimate in inverse analyses of atmospheric methane observations allows investigation of individual subsector contributions and can serve policy needs by evaluating the national emissions totals reported to the UNFCCC. Gridded data sets can be accessed at

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