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High resolution spectral analysis of oxygen. III. Laboratory investigation of...

Drouin, B., S. Yu, B. Elliott, T. Crawford, and C. E. Miller (2013), High resolution spectral analysis of oxygen. III. Laboratory investigation of the airglow bands, J. Chem. Phys., 139, 144301, doi:10.1063/1.4821759.

We report the first high spectral resolution laboratory measurements of simulated oxygen A-band night glow. Our static discharge system approximates the conditions of the mesospheric oxygen night glow – suggesting O(1D) + O2 (X3 Sigma−g) → O(3P) + O2 (b1Sigma+g ) → O2 (X3 Sigma−g) + hν as the primary source of the emission. Additionally, use of the static cell has enabled us to collect spectra for all six molecular oxygen isotopologues using isotopically enriched samples. The (0,0), (0,1), and (1,1) b − X vibrational bands were observed for all six isotopologues. The (1,2) and (2,2) bands were also observed for 16O2. The frequencies of the observed (0,1) transitions resolved discrepancies in Raman data for 16O17O, 17O2, and 17O18O, enabling us to improve the vibrational parameterization of
the ground electronic state global fit. Rotationally resolved intensities were determined for the (0,0), (0,1), and (1,1) bands. The experimental band intensity ratios I(0,0)/I(0,1) = 13.53(24); I(1,1)/I(1,0) = 11.9(65); I(0,0)/I(0,2) = 503(197); and I(1,1)/I(1,2) = 5.6(19) are in excellent agreement with the recent mesospheric remote sensing data and calculated Franck-Condon factors.

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Upper Atmosphere Research Program (UARP)