Validation, Stability, and Consistency of MODIS Collection 6.1 and VIIRS...

The core information for this publication's citation.: 
Sayer, A. M., N. C. Hsu, J. Lee, W. Kim, and S. Dutcher (2019), Validation, Stability, and Consistency of MODIS Collection 6.1 and VIIRS Version 1 Deep Blue Aerosol Data Over Land, J. Geophys. Res., 124, 4658-4688, doi:10.1029/2018JD029598.
Abstract: 

The Deep Blue (DB) algorithm has been used to retrieve aerosol optical depth (AOD) and Ångström exponent (AE) over land from multiple satellite instruments, including the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometers (MODIS) aboard the Terra and Aqua platforms and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). This study first validates the latest MODIS (Collection 6.1) and VIIRS (Version 1) DB data products against Aerosol Robotic Network observations. On global average, the typical level of uncertainty in AOD is slightly better than ±(0.05 + 20%) relative to Aerosol Robotic Network. AE is quantitatively more uncertain but qualitatively shows skill at distinguishing between fine-mode and coarse-mode dominated aerosol columns. Results are also compared with the previous MODIS Collection 6. The stability of the three DB data sets ranges from 0.005–0.01 AOD per decade. Second, spatial and temporal patterns in AOD and AE are compared between the three data sets. It is found that they all show similar patterns of spatial coverage, which is predominantly linked to cloud cover, snow, and polar night. Regional time series of AOD also show highly consistent seasonal and interannual variations and are strongly correlated, although have offsets in some regions due to a combination of algorithmic and sensor-related differences. Plain Language Summary Aerosols are small particles in the atmosphere like desert dust, volcanic ash, smoke, industrial haze, and sea spray. Understanding them is important for applications such as hazard avoidance, air quality and human health, and climate studies. Satellite instruments provide an important tool to study aerosol loading over the world. However, individual satellites do not last forever, and newer satellites often have improved capabilities compared to older ones. This paper evaluates the latest version of the Deep Blue algorithm for monitoring aerosols as applied to the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometers (MODIS) and Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) satellite instruments. The two MODIS sensors provide data from 2000 and 2002 onward, while the first VIIRS was launched in late 2011, and VIIRS will carry on the MODIS data records into the future. The evaluation is performed by comparing to ground-truth data which are part of (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) NASA's global Aerosol Robotic Network. The stability in time and consistency between the MODIS and VIIRS data sets are also examined.

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Research Program: 
Applied Sciences Program (ASP)
Atmospheric Composition
Radiation Science Program (RSP)
Tropospheric Composition Program (TCP)