B-200 - LARC
B200 (L)
Associated content: 

B200 crew prior to flight

B200 turn reversal seen from the DOE G-1

Langley Deployment to Groton CT

HOPE to DEVOTE configured B200

LaRC B200 in Narsarsuaq Greenland

NASA 529 In Pt. Barrow, AK

Polarized Imaging Nephelometer

The Polarized Imaging Nephelometer is an in situ instrument designed and built at the Laboratory for Aerosols, Clouds and Optics (LACO) at the University of Maryland Baltimore County for the measurement of components of the aerosol phase matrix in high angular resolution between 2 to 178 deg scattering angles. The measured phase matrix provides extensive characterization of the scattering properties of the studied aerosols allowing for a very comprehensive set of aerosol scattering parameters. These measurements are essential for the validation of the new generation of aerosol remote sensors like the APS polarimeter in the Glory satellite, and for the construction of accurate models of real aerosol particles, specially the non-spherical ones.

Point(s) of Contact: 

High Spectral Resolution Lidar

The NASA Langley airborne High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) is used to characterize clouds and small particles in the atmosphere, called aerosols. From an airborne platform, the HSRL science team studies aerosol size, composition, distribution and movement.

The HSRL-1 instrument is an innovative technology that is similar to radar; however, with lidar, radio waves are replaced with laser light. Lidar allows researchers to see the vertical dimension of the atmosphere, and the advanced HSRL makes measurements that can even distinguish among different aerosol types and their sources. The HSRL technique takes advantage of the spectral distribution of the lidar return signal to discriminate aerosol and molecular signals and thereby measure aerosol extinction and backscatter independently.

The HSRL-1 instrument provides measurements of aerosol extinction at 532 nm and aerosol backscatter and depolarization at 532 and 1064 nm. The HSRL measurements of aerosol extinction, backscattering, and depolarization profiles are being used to:

1) characterize the spatial and vertical distributions of aerosols
2) quantify aerosol extinction and optical thickness contributed by various aerosol types
3) investigate aerosol variability near clouds
4) evaluate model simulations of aerosol transport
5) assess aerosol optical properties derived from a combination of surface, airborne, and satellite measurements.

Instrument Type: 
Point(s) of Contact: 

B200 - LARC

NASA Langley Beechcraft B200 King Air (NASA 529)

The NASA Langley Beechcraft B200 King Air (NASA 529) is an all-metal, twin-turboprop research aircraft.  NASA Langley acquired this aircraft in 1996 for program support.  The aircraft has been modified with two nadir-viewing ports:  29.5 x 29.5-in. in the forward section of the passenger cabin and 26.75 x 22.5 in. in the aft section.  These downward-looking portals allow the use of a wide variety of optical, laser, or R-F based devices that might require a nadir look angle out of the aircraft.  Research-supporting subsystems, such as electrical power distribution, TCAS, GPS and satellite phone communications also have been installed.  The crown of the aircraft has been structurally modified to accommodate atmospheric sensors, such as an isokinetic aerosol inlet.  Finally, a pylon has been mounted beneath each wingtip.  These pylons are suitable for carrying aerosol probes with weights of up to 50 lbs.  In its current configuration, the aircraft serves as the primary flight platform for a suite of aerosol and cloud remote-sensing instruments, including the NASA Langley High Spectral Resolution LIDAR (HSRL).  The aircraft is fully IFR capable.

The research power system contains three 50-A AC inverters which supply up to 4200 W of research power.  An Iridium satellite phone system has been installed to facilitate both remote voice communications as well as data modem transfer.

This aircraft nominally flies mission profiles up to altitudes of 28,000 ft, but with prior coordination, is capable of conducting operations in the National Airspace System up to the aircraft's service ceiling of 35,000 ft.  Typically, the aircraft can carry a 1000-lbs payload, three crewmembers (two flight crew and one system operator) and remain airborne for four hours covering approximately 800 n.mi.  The aircraft is limited to a maximum certified takeoff weight of 13,500 lbs.  The aircraft has successfully operated in both domestic and international deployments.  In summary, the NASA Langley B200 aircraft and its flight team provide an efficient and effective operational platform for small to medium-sized science payloads, especially those requiring or desiring unique integration, dedicated flight profiles, coordinated flights with other platforms, or flight patterns in congested airspace.

Current Status:
Open (Next Activity 07/29/24: ARCSIX Pilot Swap)
NASA Langley Research Center
Conventional Aircraft
6.2 hours (payload and weather dependent)
Useful Payload: 
4 100 lbs
Gross Take-off Weight: 
13 500 lbs
Onboard Operators: 
Max Altitude: 
35000 ft
Air Speed: 
260 knots
1 250 Nmi
Point(s) of Contact: 

Bruce Fisher

Work: (757) 864-3862


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