TitleAcronymContact PersonAircraftTypeMeasurementsMeasurement RangeMeasurement Instrument PointingMeasurement FrequencyMeasurement Swath WidthMeasurement Horizontal ResolutionMeasurement Vertical ResolutionMeasurement WavelengthsMeasurement Notes
Accumulation RadarCarl Leuschen (PI)P-3 Orion - WFFRadarSnow Accumulation, Ice Sheet Thickness
Ground
Nadir (directly downwards)
600-900 MHzwhen operated from aircraft
Airborne Cloud RadarACRSteven J Dinardo (PI)DC-8 - AFRC, P-3 Orion - WFF, Twin Otter (DOE)RadarRadar Reflectivity
Vertical profile
Zenith (directly upwards), Nadir (directly downwards)
150 m
94.905 GHz; 94.915 GHz; 94.925 GHz; 94.935 GHz
Airborne Glacier and Land Ice Surface Topography InterferometerGLISTIN-ADelwyn Moller (PI)Gulfstream C-20A (GIII) - AFRCInterferometer, RadarTopography
Ground
Cross-track scanning
Airborne Rain Mapping RadarARMARSteve Durden (Co-I)DC-8 - AFRCRadarDoppler Velocity, Radar Reflectivity, Brightness Temperature
Ground
Cross-track scanning
9000 m (at 12 km)
800 m (at 12 km)
13.8 GHz
Airborne Second Generation Precipitation RadarAPR-2Simone Tanelli (PI)DC-8 - AFRC, P-3 Orion - WFFRadarRadar Reflectivity, Linear Depolarization Radar, Doppler Velocity
Vertical profile
Cross-track scanning
13.4 GHz; 35.6 GHzKu band
Airborne Synthetic Aperture RadarAIRSARYunling Lou (PI)DC-8 - AFRCRadarRadar backscatter
Airborne Third Generation Precipitation RadarAPR-3Simone Tanelli (PI)P-3 Orion - WFF, NASA P-3, P-3RadarRadar Reflectivity, Linear Depolarization Radar, Doppler Velocity
Vertical profile
Cross-track scanning
0.2 Hz
120 m
13.4 GHz; 35.6 GHz; 94 GHzKu band
Cloud Radar SystemCRSGerald Heymsfield (PI)ER-2 - AFRC, WB-57 - JSCRadarRadar Reflectivity, Doppler Velocity
Vertical profile
Nadir (directly downwards)
94 GHz
Coherent Radar Depth SounderCARDSPrasad Gogineni (PI)P-3 Orion - WFFSounder, RadarIce Sheet Thickness
Ground
Nadir (directly downwards)
Delay-Doppler Phase-monopulse RadarD2PKeith Raney (PI)P-3 Orion - WFFRadarRadar Altitude
Ground
Nadir (directly downwards)
Dual-Frequency Airborne Precipitation RadarPR-2Eastwood Im (PI)DC-8 - AFRCRadarDoppler radar backscatter
Ground
Cross-track scanning
14 GHz; 35 GHz
ER-2 Doppler RadarEXRADGerald Heymsfield (PI)ER-2 - AFRCRadarRadar Reflectivity, Doppler Velocity, Linear Depolarization Radar
Ground
Nadir (directly downwards), Downwards pointing but not directly downwards
1200 m (at 20 km)
9.72 GHz
Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave Snow Thickness RadarFMCWCarl Leuschen (PI)DC-8 - AFRC, P-3 Orion - WFFRadarSnow Thickness
Ground
Cross-track scanning
2-8 GHz
Global Ice-sheet Mapping OrbiterGISMOKen Jezek (PI)P-3 Orion - WFFInterferometer, RadarTopography
Ground
Nadir (directly downwards)
High Altitude Imaging Wind and Rain Airborne ProfilerHIWRAPGerald Heymsfield (PI)Global Hawk - AFRC, ER-2 - AFRCRadar, ScatterometerRadar Reflectivity, Doppler Velocity, Wind
Ground
Conical scanning
Ku-band Radar AltimeterCarl Leuschen (PI)DC-8 - AFRC, P-3 Orion - WFF, Twin Otter, C-130H - WFFRadarSea Ice Surface Elevation
Ground
13-17 GHz
Multichannel Coherent Radar Depth SounderMCoRDSCarl Leuschen (PI)DC-8 - AFRC, P-3 Orion - WFF, Twin OtterRadarIce Sheet Thickness
Ground
Cross-track scanning
20-60 MHz
Passive Active L- and S-band SensorPALSSteven J Dinardo (PI)C-130H - WFF, P-3 Orion - WFF, Twin Otter, DC-8 - AFRCRadar, Scatterometer, RadiometerRadar backscatter, Ocean Salinity, Soil Moisture
Ground
Cross-track scanning
1.26 GHz; 1.413 GHzscatterometer
Pathfinder Advanced Radar Ice SounderPARISKeith Raney (PI)P-3 Orion - WFFRadarTopography
Ground
Nadir (directly downwards)
Polarimetric Ku-Band ScatterometerPolSCATSteven J Dinardo (PI)C-130H - WFF, DC-8 - AFRC, P-3 Orion - WFF, Twin OtterRadar, ScatterometerRadar backscatter
Ground
Conical scanning
13.95 GHz
Sea Ice Thickness Penetrating Radar InstrumentSITPRIBen Holt (PI)RadarIce Sheet Thickness
Ground
Nadir (directly downwards)
0.1-0.3 GHz; 0.8-1.2 GHz; 4-8 GHzice bottom surface
Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture RadarUAVSARYunling Lou (PI)Gulfstream C-20A (GIII) - AFRCRadarImagery
Ground
Nadir (directly downwards)