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FT-IR measurements of cold C3H8 cross sections at 7–15 lm for Titan atmosphere

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Sung, K., G. Toon, A. W. Mantz, and M. A. H. Smith (2013), FT-IR measurements of cold C3H8 cross sections at 7–15 lm for Titan atmosphere, Icarus, 226, 1499-1513, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2013.07.028.

We present absorption cross sections of propane (C3H8) at temperatures from 145 K to 297 K in the 690– 1550 cm-1 region. Pure and N2-broadened spectra were measured at pressures from 3 Torr to 742 Torr using a Bruker IFS125 FT-IR spectrometer at JPL. The gas absorption cell, developed at Connecticut College, was cooled by a closed-cycle helium refrigerator. The cross sections were measured and compiled for individual spectra recorded at various experimental conditions covering the planetary atmosphere and Titan. In addition to the cross sections, a propane pseudoline list with a frequency grid of 0.005 cm-1, was fitted to the 34 laboratory spectra. Line intensities and lower state energies were retrieved for each line, assuming a constant width. Validation tests showed that the pseudoline list reproduces discrete absorption features and continuum, the latter contributed by numerous weak and hot band features, in most of the observed spectra within 3%. Based on the pseudoline list, the total intensity in the 690–1550 cm-1 region was determined to be 52.93 (±3%) × 10-19 cm-1/(molecule cm-2) at 296 K; this value is within 3% of the average from four earlier studies. Finally, the merit of the pseudoline approach is addressed for heavy polyatomic molecules in support of spectroscopic observation of atmospheres of Titan and other planets. The cold cross sections will be submitted to the HITRAN database (hitran.harvard.edu), and the list of C3H8 pseudolines will be available from a MK-IV website of JPL

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