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Characterization of errors in the use of integrating-sphere systems in the...

Gatebe, C., J. J. Butler, J. W. Cooper, M. Kowalewski, and M. D. King (2007), Characterization of errors in the use of integrating-sphere systems in the calibration of scanning radiometers, Appl. Opt., 46, 7640-7651.
Abstract: 

Laboratory measurements were performed to characterize the geometrical effects in the calibration of the NASA’s cloud absorption radiometer (CAR). The measurements involved three integrating sphere sources (ISSs) operated at different light levels and experimental setups to determine radiance variability. The radiance gradients across the three ISS apertures were 0.2%–2.6% for different visible, nearinfrared, and shortwave infrared illumination levels but Ͻ15% in the UV. Change in radiance with distance was determined to be 2%–20%, being highest in the UV. Radiance variability due to the edge effects was found to be significant; as much as 70% due to the sphere aperture and Ͻ10% due to the CAR telescope’s secondary mirror.

Research Program: 
Radiation Science Program (RSP)