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Reduction of structural impacts and distinction of photosynthetic pathways T in...

Zhanga, Z., Y. Zhanga, A. Porcar-Castelld, J. Joiner, L. Guanterf, X. Yangg, M. Migliavaccah, W. Jua, Z. Suni, S. Chenk, D. Martinih, Q. Zhanga, Z. Lia, J. Cleverlyl, H. Wangm, and Y. Goulasn (2020), Reduction of structural impacts and distinction of photosynthetic pathways T in a global estimation of GPP from space-borne solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, Remote Sensing of Environment, 240, 111722, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2020.111722.

Quantifying global photosynthesis remains a challenge due to a lack of accurate remote sensing proxies. Solarinduced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) has been shown to be a good indicator of photosynthetic activity across various spatial scales. However, a global and spatially challenging estimate of terrestrial gross primary production (GPP) based on satellite SIF remains unresolved due to the confounding effects of species-specific physical and physiological traits and external factors, such as canopy structure or photosynthetic pathway (C3 or C4). Here we analyze an ensemble of far-red SIF data from OCO-2 satellite and ground observations at multiple sites, using the spectral invariant theory to reduce the effects of canopy structure and to retrieve a structurecorrected total canopy SIF emission (SIFtotal). We find that the relationships between observed canopy-leaving SIF and ecosystem GPP vary significantly among biomes. In contrast, the relationships between SIFtotal and GPP converge around two unique models, one for C3 and one for C4 plants. We show that the two single empirical models can be used to globally scale satellite SIF observations to terrestrial GPP. We obtain an independent estimate of global terrestrial GPP of 129.56 ± 6.54 PgC/year for the 2015–2017 period, which is consistent with the state-of-the-art data- and process-oriented models. The new GPP product shows improved sensitivity to previously undetected ‘hotspots’ of productivity, being able to resolve the double-peak in GPP due to rotational cropping systems. We suggest that the direct scheme to estimate GPP presented here, which is based on satellite SIF, may open up new possibilities to resolve the dynamics of global terrestrial GPP across space and time.

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Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2)