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Carbon dioxide retrieval from OCO-2 satellite observations using the RemoTeC...

Pollard, D. F., D. W. T. Griffith, D. G. Feist, D. Koshelev, F. Hase, G. C. Toon, H. Ohyama, I. Morino, J. Notholt, K. Shiomi, L. Iraci, M. Schneider, M. de Mazière, R. Sussmann, R. Kivi, T. Warneke, T. Goo, and Y. Té (2018), Carbon dioxide retrieval from OCO-2 satellite observations using the RemoTeC algorithm and validation with TCCON measurements Lianghai Wu1 , Otto Hasekamp1 , Haili Hu1 , Jochen Landgraf1 , Andre Butz2,3 , Joost aan de Brugh1 , Ilse Aben1 ,, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 3111-3130, doi:10.5194/amt-11-3111-2018.

In this study we present the retrieval of the column-averaged dry air mole fraction of carbon dioxide (XCO2 ) from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) satellite observations using the RemoTeC algorithm, previously successfully applied to retrieval of greenhouse gas concentration from the Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT). The XCO2 product has been validated with collocated ground-based measurements from the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) for almost 2 years of OCO-2 data from September 2014 to July 2016. We found that fitting an additive radiometric offset in all three spectral bands of OCO-2 significantly improved the retrieval. Based on a small correlation of the XCO2 error over land with goodness of fit, we applied an a posteriori bias correction to our OCO-2 retrievals. In overpass averaged results, XCO2 retrievals have an SD of ∼ 1.30 ppm and a station-tostation variability of ∼ 0.40 ppm among collocated TCCON sites. The seasonal relative accuracy (SRA) has a value of 0.52 ppm. The validation shows relatively larger difference with TCCON over high-latitude areas and some specific regions like Japan.

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Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2)