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Numerical Studies of Scattering Properties of Leaves and Leaf Moisture...

Lin, B., W. Sun, Q. Min, and Y. Hu (2008), Numerical Studies of Scattering Properties of Leaves and Leaf Moisture Influences on the Scattering at Microwave Wavelengths, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46, 353-360, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.912434.

This paper uses a 3-D finite-difference time-domain method to accurately calculate the single-scattering properties of randomly oriented leaves and evaluate the influence of vegetation water content (VWC) on these properties at frequencies of 19.35 and 37.0 GHz. The studied leaves are assumed to be thin elliptical disks with two different sizes and have various VWC values. Although leaf moisture causes considerable absorption in the scattering process, the effective efficiencies of extinction and scattering of leaves essentially linearly increase with VWC, which is critical for forest remote sensing. Calculated asymmetry factors and phase functions also indicate that there is a significant amount of scattered energy at large scattering angles at microwave wavelengths. This paper can improve the modeling of the radiative transfer by vegetation canopies at the higher frequencies of the microwave spectrum, which is important for passive microwave remote sensing.

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Radiation Science Program (RSP)