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Band Residual Difference Algorithm for Retrieval of SO2 From the Aura Ozone...

Krotkov, N., S. A. Carn, A. J. Krueger, P. Bhartia, and K. Yang (2006), Band Residual Difference Algorithm for Retrieval of SO2 From the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 44, 1259-1266, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2005.861932.

The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on EOS/Aura offers unprecedented spatial and spectral resolution, coupled with global coverage, for space-based UV measurements of sulfur dioxide (SO2 ). This paper describes an OMI SO2 algorithm (the band residual difference) that uses calibrated residuals at SO2 absorption band centers produced by the NASA operational ozone algorithm (OMTO3). By using optimum wavelengths for retrieval of SO2 , the retrieval sensitivity is improved over NASA predecessor Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) by factors of 10 to 20, depending on location. The ground footprint of OMI is eight times smaller than TOMS. These factors produce two orders of magnitude improvement in the minimum detectable mass of SO2 . Thus, the diffuse boundaries of volcanic clouds can be imaged better and the clouds can be tracked longer. More significantly, the improved sensitivity now permits daily global measurement of passive volcanic degassing of SO2 and of heavy anthropogenic SO2 pollution to provide new information on the relative importance of these sources for climate studies.

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Research Program: 
Applied Sciences Program (ASP)
Atmospheric Composition Modeling and Analysis Program (ACMAP)
Tropospheric Composition Program (TCP)
Upper Atmosphere Research Program (UARP)