Sizing response of the Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer (UHSAS) and...

Moore, R., L. Wiggins, A. Ahern, S. Zimmerman, L. Montgomery, Campuzano Jost, C. Robinson, L. D. Ziemba, E. L. Winstead, B. E. Anderson, C. Brock, M. Brown, G. Chen, E. Crosbie, H. Guo, J. Jimenez-Palacios, C. E. Jordan, M. Lyu, B. Nault, N. Rothfuss, K. J. Sanchez, M. Schueneman, T. Shingler, M. Shook, K. L. Thornhill, N. L. Wagner, and J. Wang (2021), Sizing response of the Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer (UHSAS) and Laser Aerosol Spectrometer (LAS) to changes in submicron aerosol composition and refractive index, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 4517-4542, doi:10.5194/amt-14-4517-2021.

We evaluate the sensitivity of the size calibrations of two commercially available, high-resolution optical particle sizers to changes in aerosol composition and complex refractive index (RI). The Droplet Measurement Technologies Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer (UHSAS) and the TSI, Inc. Laser Aerosol Spectrometer (LAS) are two commonly used instruments for measuring the portion of the aerosol size distribution with diameters larger than nominally 60–90 nm. Both instruments illuminate particles with a laser and relate the single-particle light scattering intensity and count rate measured over a wide range of angles to the size-dependent particle concentration. While the optical block geometry and flow system are similar for each instrument, a significant difference between the two models is the laser wavelength (1054 nm for the UHSAS and 633 nm for the LAS) and intensity (about 100 times higher for the UHSAS), which may affect the way each instrument sizes non-spherical or absorbing aerosols. Here, we challenge the UHSAS and LAS with laboratory-generated, mobility-size-classified aerosols of known chemical composition to quantify changes in the optical size response relative to that of ammonium sulfate (RI of 1.52 + 0i at 532 nm) and NIST-traceable polystyrene latex spheres (PSLs with RI of 1.59 + 0i at 589 nm). Aerosol inorganic salt species are chosen to cover the real refractive index range of 1.32 to 1.78, while chosen light-absorbing carbonaceous aerosols include fullerene soot, nigrosine dye, humic acid, and fulvic acid standards. The instrument response is generally in good agreement with the electrical mobility diameter. However, large undersizing deviations are observed for the lowrefractive-index fluoride salts and the strongly absorbing nigrosine dye and fullerene soot particles. Polydisperse size

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Atmospheric Composition
Tropospheric Composition Program (TCP)